About this object


Danced in 1918, according to Dick Hawkins (1966). The mask has been attributed to both Jim Howard and Jack James by different carvers. According to Macnair (1999), this particular form of the horns was used by Jack James, who sometimes worked with Jim Howard.

Iconographic meaning

Represents thunderbird: Kwankwanxwaliqa.

Physical description

Thunderbird mask with curved upper and lower beak. Lower part of beak is movable. Two plywood horns with curled ends attached at top of head. White feathers inserted into top of head. Blue beak with red nostrils, black eyebrows, and black, red and white horns.