Basketry Hat

About this object

Cultural context

rain hat; basketry

Iconographic meaning

A human figure is represented on one side of this hat. According to Rena Bolton the outstretched arms are a common characteristic of Salish portrayals of human figures in all mediums. This is also the normal stance of carved cedar wood welcome figures. The other figures may represent whales or salmon. If this hat features a Salish design, then the use of salmon would be likely as they are a source of significant supernatural power.

Specific techniques

Two strand and three strand twining were used for this hat. In two strand twining one weft strand passes over the warp while the other passes under, so that the wefts are always in opposition to each other. Three strand twining is similar execept that the weaver begins with three weft strands that are seperated from each other by a warp. The weft that is furthest to the left is passed over two warps and then under one. The pattern continues with the next weft strand.

Physical description

Basketry hat with painted designs and a flared brim. The warps are made of red cedar bark and a small square of checkerboard plaiting is present at the top. The hat is woven of spruce root using double strand twining. The warps are divided after several rows and the weaving becomes finer. Green-dyed grass has been used in several areas as an accent combined with the use of three strand twining. The painted design is of a male figure with hands upraised, flanked on either side by fish or whale figures. The paint is a greenish black colour and badly faded. The rim of the hat is finished with dyed grass and a black yarn-like material. The hat has a cap-shaped liner woven into its interior. The liner also has cedar bark warps and spruce root wefts. It is diagonally twined.