Stove Tile

About this object

Cultural context

functional; decorative

Iconographic meaning

Scene of the Crucifixion of Christ. Christ is shown with a sign nailed above his head that says INRI, which stands for Iēsus Nazarēnus, Rēx Iūdaeōrum, Latin for Jesus the Nazarene, King of the Jews. He is flanked by two convicted thieves, and four people stand or kneel at the base of the cross (they could include His mother Mary, Mary Magdalene, and perhaps Saint John the Evangelist). To the right of the three crosses can be seen the partial figure of the centurion. According to legend, the skull shown on the ground is that of Adam. It could also be a literal reference to the location of the Crucifixion, sometimes referred to as the place of the skulls.

Specific techniques


Physical description

Rectangular earthenware stove tile with relief crucifixion scene under moulded arch and purple-brown surrounding frame. Christ is painted white with green-brown cloth, people beneath in white, light blue and dark brown. Castle in background. Unglazed sides and back.