About this object

History of use

Bayeta is made by males on the treadle loom and is used for garments that are cut to size and sewn, such as trousers, shirts, skirts and vests. The style, the construction and and the loom used are non-indigenous and derive from Spanish peasant tradition. Handspun sheep's wool is the traditional material, but synthetic yarns are now used. Some older married women still wear this style of red bayeta shirt. Most married women wear red or bright pink factory-made sweaters. Girls and unmarried women wear white sweaters or shirts.


Bought from Augustin Quispe Mamani who made it for his wife, Candelaria Cruz Machaca. The sewing was finished and the dyeing done in order to sell it to the Museum. Synthetic dye purchased through the store on the Island.

Cultural context

married women

Specific techniques

Balanced plain weave fabric made from z twist single wool yarns. Garment constructed by cutting length of treadle loom woven fabric and assembling rectangles by sewing. Neck slit cut into fabric and crudely hemmed. Seams are hand-stitched and cut edges reinforced with a blanket stitch edging. Shirt dyed after construction with synthetic vat dye.

Physical description

Shirt made of dark red wool with straight sleeves attached to dropped shoulders, a vertical neck slit and side slits at the lower sides.