About this object

History of use

Bayeta is made by males on the treadle loom and is used for garments that are cut to size and sewn, such as trousers, shirts, skirts and vests. The style, the construction and and the loom used are non-indigenous and derive from Spanish peasant tradition. Handspun sheep's wool is the traditional material, but synthetic yarns are now used. Shirts are worn by most men in all daily circumstances, although a few factory=made shirts and t-shirts have appeared. This style of shirt seems to have replaced the indigenous sleeveless tunic between 1900 and 1925.


Bought from Augustin Quispe Mamani who did the weaving and sewing. It was to be for himself, but he finished the sewing in order to sell it to the Museum. He had help from his family with the spinning.

Cultural context

everyday; special occasion; men.

Specific techniques

Z-spun sheep's wool yarn used in its natural state. Balanced plain weave cloth cut to shape and machine stitched together. Hand stitching used for sleeve gathers and finishing some cut edges. Slits at neck, sleeve and side seams; gussets under arms; single cord closure for cuffs. Washed once with soap which partially removed the natural oil.

Physical description

Shirt with a stand-up collar, slash neck opening, gathered shoulders, and gathered sleeves with cuffs. There are rectangular insets under the arms and short slash openings at the bottom of both side seams as well as above each cuff opening. A cord is attached to one edge of each cuff.