ga̱luḵwa̱mł (Mask)

About this object

History of use

Worn by Hamats!a dancer.


Owned previously by Hector Webb's uncle.

Iconographic meaning

Represents Crooked Beak of Heaven, Galugwadzawe', one servant of Baxbakwalanuksiwe', Cannibal at the north end of the world.

Physical description

Carved wooden, crooked beak mask. The beak has red and white circular shaped nostrils with many incised white c-shaped forms behind it. Running from the brow is a large, protruding, central black circular shaped frill that projects upwards and curves downwards to the top of the beak; detailed with a white outline. Running down the middle of the beak is a small, rectangular shape piece of wood, painted black and white to match the frill. The mouth is red, flat, wide and protruding. The underside of the beak is black with small eagle’s head carved in relief; beak hinged with a rectangular piece of metal. The eyes are black ovoids, outlined in white and red on a grey ovoid shaped ground; the brow is black. The inside of the mask is hollow. Attached to the top and sides are small bundles of cedar. The mask is painted black, red, grey, white and green with Northwest Coast stylized forms.