c̓q̓ʷemət̕ᶿtən (Mat Needle)

About this object

History of use

Mat needles are used for sewing together, and crimping, mats made from cat-tail and tule reeds.

Cultural context

domestic; plant technology

Specific techniques

According to Dr. Michael Kew, Coast Salish mat needles were normally made from the wood of a plant called ocean spray or ironwood. They were made by splitting the vertical stalk to create two needles, flat on one side and rounded on the other.

Physical description

Long, slightly bowed, wooden mat needle. Flat on one side and triangular on the other. One end flares out to a diamond shaped point. The other end has a small thin triangular hole cut out.