c̓q̓ʷemət̕ᶿtən (Mat Needle)

About this object

History of use

Mat needles are used for sewing together, and crimping, mats made from cat-tail and tule reeds.

Cultural context

domestic; plant technology

Specific techniques

According to Dr. Michael Kew, Coast Salish mat needles were normally made from the wood of a plant called ocean spray or ironwood. They were made by splitting the vertical stalk to create two needles, flat on one side and rounded on the other.

Physical description

Cattail-mat needle. Long, bowed, wooden mat needle, flat on one side, rounded on the other. Has one pointed end, other end has the eye, and is flared, flattened and shaped.